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Federico's castle, a legacy of enormous culture

[Tripper: Paola]
ITPensiero LiberoCastel del Monte, Andria

A fascinating and mysterious place that best represents the complex personality of its founder. But who was Frederick II of Swabia and what was the destination of the octagonal fortress of Castel del Monte?
A man of culture and science, a free thinker, irreverent in certain respects so much so that he was excommunicated by the pope three times, Frederick II was emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1211.

Castel del Monte (Andria)

Castel del Monte (Andria)

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Entering the fortress...


Several men of culture of the time took part in his court, personalities of the caliber of Pier delle Vigne or the mathematician Leonardo Fibonacci. Federico was interested in astronomy, mathematics, geometry, figurative arts and literature.
Founded the University of Naples and started at the Sicilian poetic school, birth at the birth of Italian literature.
Federico was a passionate and enlightened man, he looked beyond what his time would really allow him. It is no coincidence that he was given the nickname "Stupor Mundi".
On the heights of the Murge, not far from Bari, Federico had this octagonal structure built, which today we know as Castel del Monte.
Seen from above it appears as a crown, which dominates the plain all around at 360 degrees, until it reaches the sea.
But what exactly is it: a temple, an observatory, a fortified keeper for the Holy Grail, a refuge for thinking, a hammam or a simple castle?
The studies and theories hypothesized around the intended use of this intriguing structure are the most varied, built around its forms and its internal solutions. The octagonal plan with turrets at the corners, and the recursion of geometric figures push the hypotheses in one direction, the presence of various drains and a clever system of pipes for the collection of water, veer towards other fantasies.
It seems unusual that the interconnected rooms are organized to be crossed following a very precise path, counterclockwise, suggesting the idea that by going up, you begin a path of evolution and cultural elevation towards the light.
The mystery remains unsolved or maybe there is no mystery and Castel del Monte was a simple defensive fortress, with a slightly more extravagant shape. It remains absolutely true that the eclecticism and cultural vastness of Frederick II, which lead the imagination to imagine beyond, are a heritage not to be lost and to be spread in this somewhat confused world.

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Courtyard

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Internal rooms